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step_holiday_signature creates a a specification of a recipe step that will convert date or date-time data into many holiday features that can aid in machine learning with time-series data. By default, many features are returned for different holidays, locales, and stock exchanges.

Usage

step_holiday_signature(
  recipe,
  ...,
  holiday_pattern = ".",
  locale_set = "all",
  exchange_set = "all",
  role = "predictor",
  trained = FALSE,
  columns = NULL,
  features = NULL,
  skip = FALSE,
  id = rand_id("holiday_signature")
)

# S3 method for step_holiday_signature
tidy(x, ...)

Arguments

recipe

A recipe object. The step will be added to the sequence of operations for this recipe.

...

One or more selector functions to choose which variables that will be used to create the new variables. The selected variables should have class Date or POSIXct. See recipes::selections() for more details. For the tidy method, these are not currently used.

holiday_pattern

A regular expression pattern to search the "Holiday Set".

locale_set

Return binary holidays based on locale. One of: "all", "none", "World", "US", "CA", "GB", "FR", "IT", "JP", "CH", "DE".

exchange_set

Return binary holidays based on Stock Exchange Calendars. One of: "all", "none", "NYSE", "LONDON", "NERC", "TSX", "ZURICH".

role

For model terms created by this step, what analysis role should they be assigned?. By default, the function assumes that the new variable columns created by the original variables will be used as predictors in a model.

trained

A logical to indicate if the quantities for preprocessing have been estimated.

columns

A character string of variables that will be used as inputs. This field is a placeholder and will be populated once recipes::prep() is used.

features

A character string of features that will be generated. This field is a placeholder and will be populated once recipes::prep() is used.

skip

A logical. Should the step be skipped when the recipe is baked by bake.recipe()? While all operations are baked when prep.recipe() is run, some operations may not be able to be conducted on new data (e.g. processing the outcome variable(s)). Care should be taken when using skip = TRUE as it may affect the computations for subsequent operations.

id

A character string that is unique to this step to identify it.

x

A step_holiday_signature object.

Value

For step_holiday_signature, an updated version of recipe with the new step added to the sequence of existing steps (if any). For the tidy method, a tibble with columns terms

(the selectors or variables selected), value (the feature names).

Details

Use Holiday Pattern and Feature Sets to Pare Down Features By default, you're going to get A LOT of Features. This is a good thing because many machine learning algorithms have regularization built in. But, in many cases you will still want to reduce the number of unnecessary features. Here's how:

  • Holiday Pattern: This is a Regular Expression pattern that can be used to filter. Try holiday_pattern = "(US_Christ)|(US_Thanks)" to return just Christmas and Thanksgiving features.

  • Locale Sets: This is a logical as to whether or not the locale has a holiday. For locales outside of US you may want to combine multiple locales. For example, locale_set = c("World", "GB") returns both World Holidays and Great Britain.

  • Exchange Sets: This is a logical as to whether or not the Business is off due to a holiday. Different Stock Exchanges are used as a proxy for business holiday calendars. For example, exchange_set = "NYSE" returns business holidays for New York Stock Exchange.

Removing Unnecessary Features By default, many features are created automatically. Unnecessary features can be removed using recipes::step_rm() and recipes::selections() for more details.

See also

Time Series Analysis:

Main Recipe Functions:

Examples

library(recipes)
library(timetk)
library(tidyverse)

# Sample Data
dates_in_2017_tbl <- tibble(
    index = tk_make_timeseries("2017-01-01", "2017-12-31", by = "day")
)

# Add US holidays and Non-Working Days due to Holidays
# - Physical Holidays are added with holiday pattern (individual) and locale_set
rec_holiday <- recipe(~ ., dates_in_2017_tbl) %>%
    step_holiday_signature(index,
                           holiday_pattern = "^US_",
                           locale_set      = "US",
                           exchange_set    = "NYSE")

# Not yet prep'ed - just returns parameters selected
rec_holiday %>% tidy(1)
#> # A tibble: 3 × 4
#>   terms param           value id                     
#>   <chr> <chr>           <chr> <chr>                  
#> 1 index holiday_pattern ^US_  holiday_signature_Ywpvr
#> 2 index locale_set      US    holiday_signature_Ywpvr
#> 3 index exchange_set    NYSE  holiday_signature_Ywpvr

# Prep the recipe
rec_holiday_prep <- prep(rec_holiday)

# Now prep'ed - returns new features that will be created
rec_holiday_prep %>% tidy(1)
#> # A tibble: 19 × 3
#>    terms value                    id                     
#>    <fct> <fct>                    <chr>                  
#>  1 index exch_NYSE                holiday_signature_Ywpvr
#>  2 index locale_US                holiday_signature_Ywpvr
#>  3 index US_NewYearsDay           holiday_signature_Ywpvr
#>  4 index US_MLKingsBirthday       holiday_signature_Ywpvr
#>  5 index US_InaugurationDay       holiday_signature_Ywpvr
#>  6 index US_LincolnsBirthday      holiday_signature_Ywpvr
#>  7 index US_PresidentsDay         holiday_signature_Ywpvr
#>  8 index US_WashingtonsBirthday   holiday_signature_Ywpvr
#>  9 index US_CPulaskisBirthday     holiday_signature_Ywpvr
#> 10 index US_GoodFriday            holiday_signature_Ywpvr
#> 11 index US_DecorationMemorialDay holiday_signature_Ywpvr
#> 12 index US_MemorialDay           holiday_signature_Ywpvr
#> 13 index US_IndependenceDay       holiday_signature_Ywpvr
#> 14 index US_LaborDay              holiday_signature_Ywpvr
#> 15 index US_ColumbusDay           holiday_signature_Ywpvr
#> 16 index US_ElectionDay           holiday_signature_Ywpvr
#> 17 index US_VeteransDay           holiday_signature_Ywpvr
#> 18 index US_ThanksgivingDay       holiday_signature_Ywpvr
#> 19 index US_ChristmasDay          holiday_signature_Ywpvr

# Apply the recipe to add new holiday features!
bake(rec_holiday_prep, dates_in_2017_tbl)
#> # A tibble: 365 × 20
#>    index      index_ex…¹ index…² index…³ index…⁴ index…⁵ index…⁶ index…⁷ index…⁸
#>    <date>          <dbl>   <dbl>   <dbl>   <dbl>   <dbl>   <dbl>   <dbl>   <dbl>
#>  1 2017-01-01          0       1       1       0       0       0       0       0
#>  2 2017-01-02          1       0       0       0       0       0       0       0
#>  3 2017-01-03          0       0       0       0       0       0       0       0
#>  4 2017-01-04          0       0       0       0       0       0       0       0
#>  5 2017-01-05          0       0       0       0       0       0       0       0
#>  6 2017-01-06          0       0       0       0       0       0       0       0
#>  7 2017-01-07          0       0       0       0       0       0       0       0
#>  8 2017-01-08          0       0       0       0       0       0       0       0
#>  9 2017-01-09          0       0       0       0       0       0       0       0
#> 10 2017-01-10          0       0       0       0       0       0       0       0
#> # … with 355 more rows, 11 more variables: index_US_CPulaskisBirthday <dbl>,
#> #   index_US_GoodFriday <dbl>, index_US_MemorialDay <dbl>,
#> #   index_US_DecorationMemorialDay <dbl>, index_US_IndependenceDay <dbl>,
#> #   index_US_LaborDay <dbl>, index_US_ColumbusDay <dbl>,
#> #   index_US_ElectionDay <dbl>, index_US_VeteransDay <dbl>,
#> #   index_US_ThanksgivingDay <dbl>, index_US_ChristmasDay <dbl>, and
#> #   abbreviated variable names ¹​index_exch_NYSE, ²​index_locale_US, …